Electric vehicles are becoming increasingly noticeable on the roads. With 1.94 million electric vehicles sold worldwide in 2019, the electric car market is expected to represent 30% of all car sales in Canada by 2030. Yet, with such an increase in sales comes EV charging, especially in your home. Despite the current social distancing measures taking place, most of us spend hours upon hours in our vehicles driving to and from work every week, so EV charging within our homes is of the utmost importance.
Before you set-up your home for EV charging, here are 5 things you should know.
1. Consider your home eligibility
Not every home is able to have electric vehicle charging. Before doing electrical work, you may need to have a homeowner permit before starting.
2. Pay a visit to your electrical panel
Before selecting a charger, you will need to determine if there is enough space on your electrical panel have a circuit breaker for your EV charging. If there is not enough space, you will need to contact a licensed electrician for support.
3. Determine which charger your home can handle
Electric vehicles require a connection to an electrical system to charge. There are three different options to select from for your home:
- Level 1 charge. Level 1 uses a standard connection to a 120-volt outlet. As such, this charges quite slowly, about 8-10 km per hour. Depending on your vehicle, charging with a Level 1 can take upwards of 12 hours to receive a full battery. Level 1 is used mostly in homes, for those who can afford to spend the time waiting for your vehicle to charge. Level 1 is best used for vehicles that will be parked overnight, getting ready for the next day.
- Level 2 charge. Level 2 uses a 240-volt outlet, so it charges faster than Level 1. Level 2 charges at about 30 km per hour, yet can still take over 6 hours to receive a full charge. This option is typically used in homes, businesses and common areas. If you live within a strata, Level 2 is generally used with common area charging options, available through ChargePoint, for example.
- Level 3 charge. Otherwise known as Fast Chargers, Level 3 is used mostly in businesses and common areas. These are speedy, and can charge 100 km every 30 minutes. This uses a direct current connection to an existing electrical system.
4. Understand your options for a BC EV Charger Rebate
The Government of BC has funding available for the EV charger program. This program is applicable to single family homes, townhouses or duplexes, as well as apartments. To apply, you must have the proof of a charger purchase, proof of installation or inspection, and a contractor installation form or certificate of inspection. You have 90 days from the charger installation date to submit a rebate application. To learn more, click here.
5. Consider the re-sale value of having an EV charger in your home
Before you install an EV charging station, consider the opportunity to increase the re-sale value of your home. Having an EV charger is not only forward-thinking, it also allows a potential home buyer to consider the upside of not needing to apply for and install a charger in the future. With this, you may consider investing in a charger that can withstand the test of time. Consider durability, a long charging cord, speed, cost and potentially being outdoor rated. Charging stations come with plenty of alternatives to select from, so be sure you are making a decision that takes into consideration the re-sale value of your home in the future.
Electrical car deployment has been increasing around the world. 2020 is set to be the year of the electric car, according to analysts. While this is still a relatively new and innovative method of driving in Canada, it is important to consider how driving with an electric vehicle in the future will impact your home, primarily through an EV charging system.
While our tips above are important considerations to make before installing an EV charging system, it is essential that you consult with an electrician prior to making any significant changes in your home. Hiring a certified electrician could help make your experience much easier. To learn more about finding a certified electrician, click here.